Digital Curation
Version 1.0

This page offers information on selected teleconferences offered to students in the University of Maine's Digital Curation program. For access to recorded videochats, contact ude.eniam@otiloppij.

George Willeman DIG TeleconfTeleconference with George Willeman

For all Digital Curation students

20 April 2018

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes

Introduction

00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito

01:19 How George came to manage the nitrate film archive

The Library of Congress's film vault

04:25 Facts about the collection

05:02 The Culpeper complex (and the zombie apocalypse)

10:08 Vault conditions and discovery tools

12:24 Importance of a human archivist

The precarity of film

14:02 Deterioration of nitrate films

16:10 Nitrate: an explosive medium

21:30 Safety (acetone) film isn't safe

25:28 What can you do about decaying formats?

Historical films in the archive

27:02 Fred Seavey: what are the LoC's holdings of nature and educational films?

30:10 Other national film archives

30:50 Georges Melies and the beauty of reprinted negatives

32:13 The first 3d films

Preserving film

32:53 Legal rights and preservation

35:10 What copies should be saved for preservation?

36:35 Preserving film versus slide frames

38:07 How you get a print or copy from a negative?

Going digital

39:51 What is lost and gained in going from film to digital?

41:29 Unique qualities that can’t be reproduced digitally

43:26 Process for digitizing film

Q & A

44:35 Rhea Cote Robbins: How do US and Canadian film archives compare?

45:02 "Frozen Time": documentary on deteriorated nitrate by Bill Morrison

46:27 John Bell on paper prints

50:44 Preserving microfilm

51:35 Should old formats be discarded upon digitization?

52:20 Fred Seavey: initiatives for preserving home movies?

53:44 Mystery film of JFK's assassination

54:20 LoC's recommended digitization formats

56:50 Storage of digital formats

57:35 Magnetic tapes versus hard drives

58:10 Proportion of collection digitized

58:34 Offsite backup versus cloud

59:41 Colin Windhorst: how hard is adjusting to the transition to digital?

Anne Knowles DIG TeleconfTeleconference with Anne Knowles

For all Digital Curation students

18 November 2016

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Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes

00:03 Introduction by Jon Ippolito

00:43 Introducing DIG students.

What is historical geography?

01:26 Anne introduces historical geography

03:53 GIS (Geographic Information Systems) versus GPS

04:30 "95% of information collected by humans is geographic"

Teasing history from maps of Gettysburg

06:22 Extracting digital insights from analog maps

07:30 Mapping the battle of Gettysburg

11:51 How to digitize an analog map

12:57 What could Robert E. Lee see at Gettysburg?

Expanding maps from human rights to healthcare

15:54 Shelley Lightburn on using geographic data for the United Nation's Missing Persons project

17:21 The need for better education about maps

18:18 Shelley on maps as crucial evidence in the International Criminal Tribunal

18:48 Viewshed analysis: what can be seen from points on a map

20:02 Mapping community health needs in rural Maine with GIS

22:03 Jo Ana Morfin on mapping as a generalizable practice

Scanning maps

24:09 How to trace a printed map to produce a digital one

27:52 Combining analog maps with "digital stitching"

28:53 Scanning very large maps

30:48 Digitizing globes at the Osher library

31:16 Patricia Prescott on gantry scanners and cameras

Mapping the Holocaust

32:31 The Holocaust and the limits and potentials of digital scholarship

32:45 Geographies of the Holocaust book

35:10 Mapping the difference between rhetoric and reality at Auschwitz

36:36 The problem with "perpetrators' maps"

36:50 Geographic distribution of concentration camps

38:19 How can we represent the qualitative experience of victims?

Linguistic mapping and survivor testimonies

39:10 Tagging survivor testamonies with keywords

40:12 Natural language processing of transcripts

41:40 Beyond geographic maps: linguistic and emotional correlations

43:14 Authoritative v. subjective: perpetrators' facts and victims' stories

45:12 Natural language processing v. corpus linguistics in Shoah testimonies

47:04 Patricia on maps in maritime history

47:20 Colin on individual stories within large-scale systems, as in Schindler's list

Eliciting human meaning from data

48:35 Broader issues of digital curation

49:03 Colin on inferring human stories from data in rural Maine

50:22 Can interactive books bring human voices to mapping?

51:37 Paul Smitherman on comparing genders with Big Data techniques

52:19 The Maine Historical Atlas

53:07 Jo Ana on documenting political graffiti

Crowdsourcing and openness

54:35 Crowdsourcing metadata for the 60,000 keywords in Shoah videos

55:12 Another example of crowdsourcing: Art Crimes graffiti website

56:30 What should we archive in our increasingly visual world?

58:44 Colin: "Graffiti in ancient Rome was a pretechnological Twitter"

59:08 Challenges of opening up the Shoah archive

61:13 Scalar, open archives, and linked data

Has the digital world made geography irrelevant?

62:39 Do we risk bias by importing implicit spatial metaphors into the digital world?

65:58 Drawing by hand to awaken the spatial imagination

66:41 Paul: Is there a "human geography of Facebook"?

67:58 Facebook as geographic supplement to Arab Spring

68:50 Colin: letterforms as small-scale geography

Ben Fino-Radin Dig TeleconfTeleconference with Ben Fino-Radin

For all Digital Curation students

12 May 2016

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Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes

00:00Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

Acquiring a digital archive: graphic designs for the Macintosh

01:48Ben Fino-Radin on acquiring the earliest Macintosh icons

07:21Obsolete media: digitizing obsolete floppy disks with the Kryoflux

11:09Obsolete file systems: imaging early Macintosh/Windows file systems

12:47Obsolete formats: using emulators to read disk formats

14:07Missing software: opening images without the program that created them

15:22How to provide access for curators

20:13Museum versus archival collections

Restoring part of the Internet: The World's Longest Sentence

21:24The first work of Internet art collected by a museum

23:17Missing software: how do you reconstruct server scripts?

27:31Handling error-filled content (invalid HTML)

28:41Forking a work into multiple versions

30:58Rewriting code and security concerns

The Both/And approach to preservation dilemmas

32:31Restoring two versions of the same work

33:08The new, live version: a functioning participatory interface

33:43The restored, historic version: updating Web links with the WayBack Machine

35:51Multiple restorations with different purposes

38:12Web browsers as the future of media access

Expertise and the crowd: XFR STN

40:08Professional versus crowdsourced preservation

42:05Transfer Station (XFR STN), and a cat

Preservation software for small collections

45:42Solutions for small collections

46:19Case study: Cory Arcangel Studio

46:49DropBox for remote access and backup

48:32Infinite version history and checksums

Preservation software for larger collections

49:38Binder: a digital repository manager developed at MoMA

50:38How to get Binder

51:53Matters of Media Art: Solutions for collections of middle scale

53:23Open-sourcing a website by hosting it on GitHub

Upcoming projects

55:18Re-casting older technology in openFrameworks

57:50Conclusion

Craig Dietrich Dig TeleconfTeleconference with Craig Dietrich

For all Digital Curation students

10 December 2015

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes

Introduction

00:00Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

Mapping as digital humanities technology

02:09Craig Dietrich on his neighborhood and maps as technology

05:45Hypercities: an caveat about dependence on corporate platforms

09:00Katrina Wynn on comparable mapping projects

10:25Neatline

Networked Archives

11:18Internet archive

15:04The Critical Commons copyright workaround

Archives for indigenous groups

20:25Mukurtu Archive and Local Context

28:36What is metadata?

30:00Metadata for traditional knowledge

Should information be free in all contexts?

34:00Is enforcement of cultural norms necessary?

36:15Katrina Wynn: how is access controlled?

37:37Misuse of material from Shoah Foundation archive

Scalar as publishing tool that interfaces with archives

39:26Introduction to Scalar

41:52Example of a digital edition: Ancient Monuments

47:00Easily make a digital book with Scalar

48:15Linking to archives with Scalar

55:10Tensor: a user-friendly archive lookup tool

59:18Round-tripping metadata

Interaction between Traditional Knowledge labels and Scalar

59:54Barbara Finley: does Scalar accommmodate Traditional Knowledge labels?

63:16Katrina Wynn: how can metadata protect sensitive material?

Archival control over viewing material online

65:12Molly Carlson on Zaption, which inserts quizzes into video.

Game logic in publication systems

69:50Enforcing learning sequences via online tests

71:45Molly Carlson on standards-based education versus non-linear learning

Community annotation

73:07Hypothes.is, a community-based text annotator, integrated

The Next Big Thing is metadata

76:34Katrina Wynn: how useful is the Dublic Core standard?

78:03How funding has influenced the rise of metadata

78:34Scholarly contributions to archives via metadata

79:59Dublic Core and alternative metadata standards

Omeka and the Neatline plugin

81:46Diane on the Omeka Neatline plugin

Digital humanists as technological leaders

84:12Vectors version of Google Maps

85:11Tracking black ops flights with online maps

How to try Scalar or Mukurtu

87:57Installing and using Mukurtu

89:29Installing and using Scalar

90:21Reclaim hosting and Scalar

91:20Conclusion

Espenschied Dragan Dig TeleconfTeleconference with Dragan Espenschied

For DIG 550 "Digital Preservation"

7 May 2015

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in minutes:seconds

Challenges of an open archive

00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

00:24 Dragan Espenschied on Rhizome's mission.

01:50 Crowdsourcing archival acquisitions.

03:37 Obsolescence and the archive.

Archiving social media

04:00 Problems of archiving social media.

07:18 Example: Facebook redesign.

08:02 Example: MySpace redesign.

08:52 Preserving records versus preserving user experience.

10:31 Jon's summary of challenges faced by Rhizome.

11:55 Scale for the Internet Archive and Rhizome.

15:22 Limits of metadata.

Emulation as a service

16:13 How do you know what software you need to run an artifact?

18:02 Preservation through access.

18:50 demo of bwFLA CD-ROM emulation.

22:08 Viewing a Mac OS9 "Read Me" document in browser-based emulation.

22:08 Viewing the Mac OS9 CD-ROM "Vexations" in browser-based emulation.

25:41 Advantage of saving only the differences between system configurations.

27:29 Viewing Theresa Duncan CD-ROMs in emulation.

28:01 Spawning an emulator in the cloud.

31:05 Why should collecting institutions help develop emulators?

Preserving networked assets

32:55 How do you emulate network-based resources, like outdated URLs?

34:06 Resurrecting Geocities with a proxy server.

39:21 Researching history of software via DROID over Geocities.

40:40 Leveraging the Internet Archive for obsolete software.

42:14 Web archiving: public documents versus personal media.

Webrecorder

44:05 Webrecorder archives Web content that a robot can't.

46:16 JavaScript, not HTML, is now the language of the Web.

48:07 The challenge of archiving Facebook.

49:47 Webrecorder contrasted with traditional Web archiving.

51:15 Archiving Instagram with Webrecorder.

52:45 Why we need to archive emojis.

54:38 Archiving Yelp with Webrecorder.

57:30 Where is the border of an online artifact?

57:58 The challenge of archiving results from search boxes.

1:03:10 What is a WARC file?

1:07:20 Why you need to save collections for each user.

1:08:19 Demo of Webrecorder applied to the New York Times.

1:12:11 Demo of Webrecorder applied to Vine.

Conclusion

1:12:27 Why archivists need futuristic approaches, and how art can help.

1:14:38 How browser-based emulation can focus on the work preserved.

Teleconference with Jason Scott

For DIG 550 "Digital Preservation"

7 May 2014

Watch the video online (requires Flash)

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours:minutes

00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

00:02 Archive Team members check in.

00:03 Jen Bonnet describes her "Re-Gift" variable media case study.

00:08 Jo Ana Morfin describes her "No-Content.org" variable media case study.

00:10 Jen Bonnet on using the Variable Media Questionnaire.

00:12 Jason Scott on preserving journalism in a digital environment.

00:16 Printing from the browser-based emulator JSMESS.

00:21 Emulating different game consoles with JSMESS; exploiting modularity; JavaScript as cross-platform language.

00:26 Emulation helps expose intent of original creator.

00:35 Copyright as obstacle to preservation.

00:48 How do you decide what to preserve?

00:55 Storing artifacts versus networks of associations.

00:57 Limits of magnetic storage.

01:01 Storing context and ArchiveBot.

01:07 How to get the Archive Team to help you.

01:09 Difficulty preserving multi-user environments like social networks and game worlds.

01:13 Is there anything the Internet Archive would not archive? ("If nobody on Archive Team can come up with even the vaguest use case...")

01:19 Automated metadata creation, a la OCR.

01:18 "Students say they went into archives so they wouldn't have to deal with computers. They are so doomed."

01:22 Magnetic flux readers like Kryoflux.

01:29 Preserving data from the Internet of Things. (Will there be an Internet Archive equivalent of Google Streetview trucks?)

01:34 Constraints of historical technology (visualizing the ocean's doldrums).

01:37 Destruction as part of the digitization process. (Should you break a book's binding to scan it?)

01:38 Responsibility of creators to preserve their work. (Was President Chester Arthur justified in burning his papers two days before his death?)

01:46 Art and the right to be forgotten (as in ephemeral net art).

01:58 The obsession that is Archive Team. (18,000 manuals uploaded by Godane).

02:03 Crowdsourcing the file format problem and why it was a problem for industry professionals. ("They hated it. It was too expansive, we put everything in, like three-ring binders.")

02:08 Wrapup and shoutout to Archive Team.