Digital Curation
Version 1.1

This page offers information on selected teleconferences offered to students in the University of Maine's Digital Curation program. For access to recorded videochats, contact ude.eniam@otiloppij.

Dig Perricci Teleconf 2020 SvgaTeleconference with Anna Perricci

Public webinar

17 April 2020

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed


00:00 Introduction to the program (Jon Ippolito)

01:04 Introducing Anna Perricci

05:01 Introduction to web archiving

06:55 Automated versus human-scale archiving

09:35 Community collecting with Occupy Wall Street, Internet Archive, and Documenting the Now

Introduction to Webrecorder

10:50 Introduction to Webrecorder

14:19 What is high-fidelity web archiving?

Special Webrecorder features

20:27 Built-in emulation of vintage browsers

21:19 Autopilot

21:26 How to get technical help

Questions about Webrecorder applications

23:17 Archiving representative samples (Matthew Revitt)

25:40 More on Autopilot (Meagan Doyle)

27:36 Browsertrix (Alex Kaelin)

28:25 How to patch missing content (Colin Windhorst)

Webrecorder demo

29:41 Demo of Webrecorder acting on a site

Questions about Webrecorder features

37:04 "Capture URL again" v. "Patch this URL" (Sarah Danser)

37:50 Using emulated browsers for both capture and playback (John Bell)

39:11 Time frame for archiving a social media site like Facebook (Renee DesRoberts)

40:22 Capturing beyond images, eg iframes and hidden web structures

42:07 Capturing data-driven websites (Cynde Moya)

43:08 Capturing outgoing requests, like a query in a search box (John)

44:02 Ease of patching compared to other tools (Sean Crawford)

44:18 Editing options (Kim Sawtelle)

46:02 Capturing live content in real-time, like streaming radio (Alex)

47:43 Saving local backups (Colin)

48:44 Capturing dead links, eg in Scalar books (Colin).

50:24 Case study of media-rich journalism (Rhonda Carpenter)

51:45 Archive-It and capturing database content (Matthew)

The bigger picture

54:17 Top-down harvesters (such as OAIS) versus bottom-up, human-scale solutions.

57:47 How to get more information

Trevor Owens DIG TeleconfTeleconference with Trevor Owens

For all Digital Curation students

9 April 2019

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Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes


00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito

01:40 Inspirations for writing "Theory & Craft of Digital Preservation"

02:50 Overview of the book

04:55 Divergent preservation lineages

Owens' Axioms of Digital Preservation

07:47 1. "A repository is not a piece of software"

08:39 2. "Institutions make preservation possible"

09:25 3. "Tools can get in the way as much as they can help"

09:55 4. "Nothing has been preserved, there are only things being preserved"

11:04 5. "Hoarding is not preservation"

11:50 6. "Backing up data is not digital preservation"

12:30 7. "The boundaries of digital objects are fuzzy"

14:21 8. "One person’s digital collection is another’s digital object is another’s dataset"

15:00 9. "Digital preservation is making the best use of resources to mitigate threats and risks"

16:03 10. "The answer to nearly every digital preservation question is 'It depends' "

16:51 11. "It’s long past time to start taking actions"

18:03 12. "Highly technical definitions of digital preservation are complicit in silencing the past"

19:02 13. "The affordances of digital media prompt a need for digital preservation to be entangled in digital collection development"

21:02 14. "Accept and embrace the archival sliver"

21:48 15. "The scale and inherent structures of digital information suggest working more with a shovel than with a tweezers"

22:48 16. "Doing digital preservation requires thinking like a futurist"

Digital Preservation As Futurism

24:08 Anne Schlitt: Who are the futurists that you read?

26:35 Who determines our technological future?

27:53 Colin Cruickshank-Windhorst: Can a repository be too big?

32:14 How does the Library of Congress accommodate a futurist viewpoint?

Probing and Preserving Ad Hoc Collections

36:07 Kyle Walton: What are the best practices for converting to paperless office?

40:05 How can digital details like the lowly spacer GIF shed light on decades of Internet aesthetics and politics?

46:22 Twitter as an example of a readymade collection.

Engaging the Larger Community

48:42 Cruickshank-Windhorst: How do you work with grad students in community digital preservation projects?

54:13 Conclusion

George Willeman DIG TeleconfTeleconference with George Willeman

For all Digital Curation students

20 April 2018

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Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes


00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito

01:19 How George came to manage the nitrate film archive

The Library of Congress's film vault

04:25 Facts about the collection

05:02 The Culpeper complex (and the zombie apocalypse)

10:08 Vault conditions and discovery tools

12:24 Importance of a human archivist

The precarity of film

14:02 Deterioration of nitrate films

16:10 Nitrate: an explosive medium

21:30 Safety (acetone) film isn't safe

25:28 What can you do about decaying formats?

Historical films in the archive

27:02 Fred Seavey: what are the LoC's holdings of nature and educational films?

30:10 Other national film archives

30:50 Georges Melies and the beauty of reprinted negatives

32:13 The first 3d films

Preserving film

32:53 Legal rights and preservation

35:10 What copies should be saved for preservation?

36:35 Preserving film versus slide frames

38:07 How you get a print or copy from a negative?

Going digital

39:51 What is lost and gained in going from film to digital?

41:29 Unique qualities that can’t be reproduced digitally

43:26 Process for digitizing film

Q & A

44:35 Rhea Cote Robbins: How do US and Canadian film archives compare?

45:02 "Frozen Time": documentary on deteriorated nitrate by Bill Morrison

46:27 John Bell on paper prints

50:44 Preserving microfilm

51:35 Should old formats be discarded upon digitization?

52:20 Fred Seavey: initiatives for preserving home movies?

53:44 Mystery film of JFK's assassination

54:20 LoC's recommended digitization formats

56:50 Storage of digital formats

57:35 Magnetic tapes versus hard drives

58:10 Proportion of collection digitized

58:34 Offsite backup versus cloud

59:41 Colin Windhorst: how hard is adjusting to the transition to digital?

Anne Knowles DIG TeleconfTeleconference with Anne Knowles

For all Digital Curation students

18 November 2016

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Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes

00:03 Introduction by Jon Ippolito

00:43 Introducing DIG students.

What is historical geography?

01:26 Anne introduces historical geography

03:53 GIS (Geographic Information Systems) versus GPS

04:30 "95% of information collected by humans is geographic"

Teasing history from maps of Gettysburg

06:22 Extracting digital insights from analog maps

07:30 Mapping the battle of Gettysburg

11:51 How to digitize an analog map

12:57 What could Robert E. Lee see at Gettysburg?

Expanding maps from human rights to healthcare

15:54 Shelley Lightburn on using geographic data for the United Nation's Missing Persons project

17:21 The need for better education about maps

18:18 Shelley on maps as crucial evidence in the International Criminal Tribunal

18:48 Viewshed analysis: what can be seen from points on a map

20:02 Mapping community health needs in rural Maine with GIS

22:03 Jo Ana Morfin on mapping as a generalizable practice

Scanning maps

24:09 How to trace a printed map to produce a digital one

27:52 Combining analog maps with "digital stitching"

28:53 Scanning very large maps

30:48 Digitizing globes at the Osher library

31:16 Patricia Prescott on gantry scanners and cameras

Mapping the Holocaust

32:31 The Holocaust and the limits and potentials of digital scholarship

32:45 Geographies of the Holocaust book

35:10 Mapping the difference between rhetoric and reality at Auschwitz

36:36 The problem with "perpetrators' maps"

36:50 Geographic distribution of concentration camps

38:19 How can we represent the qualitative experience of victims?

Linguistic mapping and survivor testimonies

39:10 Tagging survivor testamonies with keywords

40:12 Natural language processing of transcripts

41:40 Beyond geographic maps: linguistic and emotional correlations

43:14 Authoritative v. subjective: perpetrators' facts and victims' stories

45:12 Natural language processing v. corpus linguistics in Shoah testimonies

47:04 Patricia on maps in maritime history

47:20 Colin on individual stories within large-scale systems, as in Schindler's list

Eliciting human meaning from data

48:35 Broader issues of digital curation

49:03 Colin on inferring human stories from data in rural Maine

50:22 Can interactive books bring human voices to mapping?

51:37 Paul Smitherman on comparing genders with Big Data techniques

52:19 The Maine Historical Atlas

53:07 Jo Ana on documenting political graffiti

Crowdsourcing and openness

54:35 Crowdsourcing metadata for the 60,000 keywords in Shoah videos

55:12 Another example of crowdsourcing: Art Crimes graffiti website

56:30 What should we archive in our increasingly visual world?

58:44 Colin: "Graffiti in ancient Rome was a pretechnological Twitter"

59:08 Challenges of opening up the Shoah archive

61:13 Scalar, open archives, and linked data

Has the digital world made geography irrelevant?

62:39 Do we risk bias by importing implicit spatial metaphors into the digital world?

65:58 Drawing by hand to awaken the spatial imagination

66:41 Paul: Is there a "human geography of Facebook"?

67:58 Facebook as geographic supplement to Arab Spring

68:50 Colin: letterforms as small-scale geography

Ben Fino-Radin Dig TeleconfTeleconference with Ben Fino-Radin

For all Digital Curation students

12 May 2016

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes

00:00Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

Acquiring a digital archive: graphic designs for the Macintosh

01:48Ben Fino-Radin on acquiring the earliest Macintosh icons

07:21Obsolete media: digitizing obsolete floppy disks with the Kryoflux

11:09Obsolete file systems: imaging early Macintosh/Windows file systems

12:47Obsolete formats: using emulators to read disk formats

14:07Missing software: opening images without the program that created them

15:22How to provide access for curators

20:13Museum versus archival collections

Restoring part of the Internet: The World's Longest Sentence

21:24The first work of Internet art collected by a museum

23:17Missing software: how do you reconstruct server scripts?

27:31Handling error-filled content (invalid HTML)

28:41Forking a work into multiple versions

30:58Rewriting code and security concerns

The Both/And approach to preservation dilemmas

32:31Restoring two versions of the same work

33:08The new, live version: a functioning participatory interface

33:43The restored, historic version: updating Web links with the WayBack Machine

35:51Multiple restorations with different purposes

38:12Web browsers as the future of media access

Expertise and the crowd: XFR STN

40:08Professional versus crowdsourced preservation

42:05Transfer Station (XFR STN), and a cat

Preservation software for small collections

45:42Solutions for small collections

46:19Case study: Cory Arcangel Studio

46:49DropBox for remote access and backup

48:32Infinite version history and checksums

Preservation software for larger collections

49:38Binder: a digital repository manager developed at MoMA

50:38How to get Binder

51:53Matters of Media Art: Solutions for collections of middle scale

53:23Open-sourcing a website by hosting it on GitHub

Upcoming projects

55:18Re-casting older technology in openFrameworks


Craig Dietrich Dig TeleconfTeleconference with Craig Dietrich

For all Digital Curation students

10 December 2015

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours: minutes


00:00Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

Mapping as digital humanities technology

02:09Craig Dietrich on his neighborhood and maps as technology

05:45Hypercities: an caveat about dependence on corporate platforms

09:00Katrina Wynn on comparable mapping projects


Networked Archives

11:18Internet archive

15:04The Critical Commons copyright workaround

Archives for indigenous groups

20:25Mukurtu Archive and Local Context

28:36What is metadata?

30:00Metadata for traditional knowledge

Should information be free in all contexts?

34:00Is enforcement of cultural norms necessary?

36:15Katrina Wynn: how is access controlled?

37:37Misuse of material from Shoah Foundation archive

Scalar as publishing tool that interfaces with archives

39:26Introduction to Scalar

41:52Example of a digital edition: Ancient Monuments

47:00Easily make a digital book with Scalar

48:15Linking to archives with Scalar

55:10Tensor: a user-friendly archive lookup tool

59:18Round-tripping metadata

Interaction between Traditional Knowledge labels and Scalar

59:54Barbara Finley: does Scalar accommmodate Traditional Knowledge labels?

63:16Katrina Wynn: how can metadata protect sensitive material?

Archival control over viewing material online

65:12Molly Carlson on Zaption, which inserts quizzes into video.

Game logic in publication systems

69:50Enforcing learning sequences via online tests

71:45Molly Carlson on standards-based education versus non-linear learning

Community annotation, a community-based text annotator, integrated

The Next Big Thing is metadata

76:34Katrina Wynn: how useful is the Dublic Core standard?

78:03How funding has influenced the rise of metadata

78:34Scholarly contributions to archives via metadata

79:59Dublic Core and alternative metadata standards

Omeka and the Neatline plugin

81:46Diane on the Omeka Neatline plugin

Digital humanists as technological leaders

84:12Vectors version of Google Maps

85:11Tracking black ops flights with online maps

How to try Scalar or Mukurtu

87:57Installing and using Mukurtu

89:29Installing and using Scalar

90:21Reclaim hosting and Scalar


Espenschied Dragan Dig TeleconfTeleconference with Dragan Espenschied

For DIG 550 "Digital Preservation"

7 May 2015

Watch the interactive video online

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in minutes:seconds

Challenges of an open archive

00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

00:24 Dragan Espenschied on Rhizome's mission.

01:50 Crowdsourcing archival acquisitions.

03:37 Obsolescence and the archive.

Archiving social media

04:00 Problems of archiving social media.

07:18 Example: Facebook redesign.

08:02 Example: MySpace redesign.

08:52 Preserving records versus preserving user experience.

10:31 Jon's summary of challenges faced by Rhizome.

11:55 Scale for the Internet Archive and Rhizome.

15:22 Limits of metadata.

Emulation as a service

16:13 How do you know what software you need to run an artifact?

18:02 Preservation through access.

18:50 demo of bwFLA CD-ROM emulation.

22:08 Viewing a Mac OS9 "Read Me" document in browser-based emulation.

22:08 Viewing the Mac OS9 CD-ROM "Vexations" in browser-based emulation.

25:41 Advantage of saving only the differences between system configurations.

27:29 Viewing Theresa Duncan CD-ROMs in emulation.

28:01 Spawning an emulator in the cloud.

31:05 Why should collecting institutions help develop emulators?

Preserving networked assets

32:55 How do you emulate network-based resources, like outdated URLs?

34:06 Resurrecting Geocities with a proxy server.

39:21 Researching history of software via DROID over Geocities.

40:40 Leveraging the Internet Archive for obsolete software.

42:14 Web archiving: public documents versus personal media.


44:05 Webrecorder archives Web content that a robot can't.

46:16 JavaScript, not HTML, is now the language of the Web.

48:07 The challenge of archiving Facebook.

49:47 Webrecorder contrasted with traditional Web archiving.

51:15 Archiving Instagram with Webrecorder.

52:45 Why we need to archive emojis.

54:38 Archiving Yelp with Webrecorder.

57:30 Where is the border of an online artifact?

57:58 The challenge of archiving results from search boxes.

1:03:10 What is a WARC file?

1:07:20 Why you need to save collections for each user.

1:08:19 Demo of Webrecorder applied to the New York Times.

1:12:11 Demo of Webrecorder applied to Vine.


1:12:27 Why archivists need futuristic approaches, and how art can help.

1:14:38 How browser-based emulation can focus on the work preserved.

Teleconference with Jason Scott

For DIG 550 "Digital Preservation"

7 May 2014

Watch the video online (requires Flash)

Topics discussed

Approximate timecodes in Hours:minutes

00:00 Introduction by Jon Ippolito.

00:02 Archive Team members check in.

00:03 Jen Bonnet describes her "Re-Gift" variable media case study.

00:08 Jo Ana Morfin describes her "" variable media case study.

00:10 Jen Bonnet on using the Variable Media Questionnaire.

00:12 Jason Scott on preserving journalism in a digital environment.

00:16 Printing from the browser-based emulator JSMESS.

00:21 Emulating different game consoles with JSMESS; exploiting modularity; JavaScript as cross-platform language.

00:26 Emulation helps expose intent of original creator.

00:35 Copyright as obstacle to preservation.

00:48 How do you decide what to preserve?

00:55 Storing artifacts versus networks of associations.

00:57 Limits of magnetic storage.

01:01 Storing context and ArchiveBot.

01:07 How to get the Archive Team to help you.

01:09 Difficulty preserving multi-user environments like social networks and game worlds.

01:13 Is there anything the Internet Archive would not archive? ("If nobody on Archive Team can come up with even the vaguest use case...")

01:19 Automated metadata creation, a la OCR.

01:18 "Students say they went into archives so they wouldn't have to deal with computers. They are so doomed."

01:22 Magnetic flux readers like Kryoflux.

01:29 Preserving data from the Internet of Things. (Will there be an Internet Archive equivalent of Google Streetview trucks?)

01:34 Constraints of historical technology (visualizing the ocean's doldrums).

01:37 Destruction as part of the digitization process. (Should you break a book's binding to scan it?)

01:38 Responsibility of creators to preserve their work. (Was President Chester Arthur justified in burning his papers two days before his death?)

01:46 Art and the right to be forgotten (as in ephemeral net art).

01:58 The obsession that is Archive Team. (18,000 manuals uploaded by Godane).

02:03 Crowdsourcing the file format problem and why it was a problem for industry professionals. ("They hated it. It was too expansive, we put everything in, like three-ring binders.")

02:08 Wrapup and shoutout to Archive Team.